Three weeks after going around the island, a team conducting Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) reported to Governor Joseph Cua that typhoon Nina caused a total of P1.45 billion in damage to various sectors here.
Composed of representatives of various agencies from the regional and national offices and led by the Office of Civil Defense, the team told the provincial government that the Christmas typhoon inflicted P1.143 billion in damages to the housing sector alone, as well P22.592 million to the transportation sector particularly infrastructure, P101.1 million to the agriculture sector, P29.522 million to the Catanduanes State University, and P160.666 million to public schools.
The same unofficial report stated that the amount of P779.513 million would be needed to fully rehabilitate and restore the affected sectors, not including private housing.
According to the team, the PDNA report will serve as the basis for rehabilitation and recovery of TY Nina affected areas, which may cover the total effects of the typhoon to the economic indicators and the comprehensive planning of recovery and rehabilitation with adequate financing strategy.
The same team will have its writeshop and Stress debriefing on Jan. 30-Feb. 2, with the report to be finalized in the next five days prior to presentation to and approval of the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council on Feb. 8. The RDRRMC will then endorse the PDNA report to the National DRRM Council on Feb. 10.
In the Transportation sub-sector, the PDNA team said that the typhoon caused damages of P22.592 million and losses of P45.33 million, with total rehab to need P255.645 million. Common damages noted were washed-out surface course on local roads, road slip and damaged flood control structures while the losses were due to the removal or clearing of landslides/rockslides.
The damages are broken down as follows: national roads, P7.832 million; provincial roads, P4 million; municipal and barangay roads, P5 million; flood control, P5.3 million; and, water supply systems, P450,000.00.
The delivery and transportation of produce was somehow affected, the team said, due to accessibility problem in three road sections: Pagsangahan to Sitio Tucao and JMA farm-to-market road in San Miguel, Begonia-Batohonan access road in Viga, and, Hinipaan-Cahan barangay road in Bagamanoc. These road sections are hardly or not passable to all types of vehicles due to poor road conditions, it said.
For a long-term rehab and recovery program, it recommended the need to revisit the design aspect or parameters for the construction of infrastructure projects especially school buildings and other public buildings and to conduct a thorough study for mitigation purposes on landslide prone areas along national and local roads.
In the Productive sector, it disclosed that the most affected commodity in agriculture is abaca, followed by High-Value Commercial Crops such as banana, cacao, and pili, as well as rice and coconut.
The P101.1-million damage is broken down as follows: crops,. P20.057 million; livestock and poultry, P823,660.00; fisheries, P5.288 million; and, agricultural infra and assets, P54.623 million. Industry, trade and services sustained P19.620 million in damages.
In its Social Impact Assessment, the PDNA report said that farmers, especially those in the abaca industry, have no alternative source of income and may resort to going to other places to find job. Many of them have outstanding loans for motorcycles, appliances and others and there could be a possible increase in number of school drop-outs.
Since the affected farmers and fisher folk are mostly marginal growers who cannot rebuild on their own without external support, any rehabilitation and reconstruction framework should consider this as well as the nature of the work to be undertaken and the cost of restoration activity as well as the need for urgency to counter the negative effects of under-production.
To augment crop production, provision of quality abaca suckers, coconut seedlings, palay seeds, and HVC seeds/planting materials is necessary, it said. The abaca supply should be stabilized, while cash-for-work programs are needed for farmers while they are waiting for their crops, especially abaca, to be productive again.
The Productive Sector team recommended the provision of farm production inputs (seeds, planting materials, fertilizers, and biologics), livestock and poultry dispersal, rehabilitation and repair of various agri-infrastructures, provision of abaca tissue culture, technical assistance for abaca production, provision of boats and fishing gears, fingerlings dispersal, provision of aquasilviculture and mangrove reforestation project, and replanting of totally damaged palms through coconut seedlings dispersal
It also urged the strict enforcement of existing environmental laws and land use policies; development of an information system to warn Irrigators Association on the magnitude of any forthcoming disaster; employment of gate keepers to safeguard the dams before the disaster by closing intake gates and opening sluice gates; construction of closed conduit irrigation facilities on sloping grounds and landslide prone areas; and, provision of Calamity Fund in the agency’s annual budget to be readily utilized on calamity-hit areas.
In the Education Sector, the team said the Catanduanes State University suffered damage to classroom, learning facilities, research and innovations, technology and livelihood demonstration projects as well as Iincome-Generating Projects in agriculture in the amount of almost P30 million, with the Main Campus sustaining the most damage at an estimated cost of P28,852,114.00. Production loss amounted to P2.5 million in the main campus and P480,000.00 in the Panganiban campus.
(to be continued)